Everything We Know About Middle-earth After Lord of the Rings


A lot changed in Middle-earth after The Lord of the Rings – both in the books and the films. The final film in the trilogy, The Return of the King, had a big impact on the future Middle-earth and its most important characters. After stealing the One Ring and fighting with Frodo (Elijah Wood), Gollum (Andy Serkis) plunged into the fiery pits, and the One Ring was finally destroyed. The destruction of the Ring triggered the death of Sauron, who could not exist without the One Ring’s power. Mordor collapsed, and the war was finally over. Aragorn (Viggo Mortensen) becomes the King of Gondor, famously telling the Hobbits they bow to no one. That’s where the Lord of the Rings trilogy ends, but what happened after? Thanks to Tolkien’s literary works, some light has been shed on the future of Middle-earth after The Return of the King. The Lord of the Rings has an almost fairytale ending, making a refreshing break from bleak modern fantasies like Game of Thrones. Sauron’s defeat allowed for a happy ending for the surviving members of the Fellowship of the Ring as they moved on with their lives. Frodo and Sam (Sean Astin) returned to the Shire at last, and Sam started a family.


Frodo, however, wasn’t content with his life in the Shire, due in part to injuries he sustained in The Lord of the Rings; in the end, Frodo left Middle-earth for the Undying Lands. Meanwhile, Aragorn took his rightful place as the King of Gondor. He married the Elf, Arwen (Liv Tyler), who willingly gave up her Elven immortality in order to share a life with Aragorn. Aragorn lived a long, full life with Arwen, and passed away at the age of 210. Most of these events took place in an era known as the Third Age. The timeline of Middle-earth is broken up into several long eras, and the Third Age is just one of them. The Second Age is the focus of Amazon’s Lord of the Rings TV series, The Rings of Power. Tolkien wrote a surprisingly large amount about The Second Age in his appendices and books like The Silmarillion. The Third Age, which lasted for a period of 3021 years, is the setting for both The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogies. Shortly after the conclusion of The Return of the King, the Fourth Age kicked off. This period of Middle-earth’s timeline, unlike its pre-Lord of the Rings history, isn’t covered in great detail. It’s not totally unknown though. Here’s what the end of the Third Age and the dawn of the Fourth Age had in store for Middle-earth.

Related: Lord of the Rings: Saruman’s Movie Death Explained (& Why It Was Cut)

Aragorn Created the Reunited Kingdom

For Aragorn, life after Sauron’s defeat was about returning the Kingdoms of Men to their former glory. Located in the north, Arnor was a prominent kingdom in the Second Age of Middle-earth. Populated by Elves, Hobbits, and Men, Arnor thrived for centuries but in the early part of the Third Age, Arnor was no longer such a prosperous place. Political unrest and deceit divided the kingdom into three smaller kingdoms, and over time, civil war brought them to their knees. There were attempts at reunification. For a time, Gondor and Arnor were one kingdom, but this didn’t last. After its fall, what was left of the people of Arnor moved on to other regions.

One of the kings of Arnor’s descendants is Aragorn. This meant that Aragorn, who was already the King of Gondor, was also entitled to the throne of Arnor. As a result, Aragorn rebuilt Arnor and became its 26th king. This allowed Aragorn to take the High King of Arnor and Gondor position, a title that hadn’t been held since Isildur in the Second Age. After centuries of being apart, Aragorn mended the split between Arnor and Gondor and created the Reunited Kingdom. Under Aragorn’s control, the Reunited Kingdom became the most dominant force in the northwest region of Middle-earth. During this time, the Reunited Kingdom set out to retake all the lands that were previously occupied by Arnor and Gondor. Only certain territories were left alone as the Reunited Kingdom fought to take back what once belonged to them.

The Fourth Age & The Dominion of Men Began

The Elves were the most prevalent race in the First and Second Ages of Middle-earth. This began to change in the Third Age when the power of the Elves began to wane. In the beginning of the Third Age, the Elves started to leave for their Rings of Power stronghold, Valinor, though many of them remained in various regions of Middle-earth. What was next for the Elves and the fate of Middle-earth was teased by Gandalf at the end of The Return of the King when Gandalf said, “For the time comes of the Dominion of Men, and the Elder Kindred should fade or depart.”

Gandalf’s prediction was proven correct when the remaining Elves left Middle-earth for the Undying Lands when the Three Rings lost their power as a result of Sauron’s defeat. The departure of the Elves ushered in the dawn of the Fourth Age, which is characterized by the Dominion of Men. Also, the Dwarves began to die off in the Fourth Age, since women only made up a third of their population, and Dwarven females often chose not to marry. So over time, the Dwarves’ contributions to the world were forgotten, leaving humanity as the most important race remaining on the face of Middle-earth.

Related: Rings Of Power Reveals Where Frodo Went After Return Of The King

The Shire Became A Sanctuary For The Hobbits

In The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, the Shire is the homeland of the Hobbits and a region located in the northwest portion of Middle-earth. The Shire was famously visited by Gandalf and a company of Dwarves in The Hobbit and again by Gandalf in Lord of the Rings. While the Shire is only occupied by Hobbits, it has seen its fair share of visitors over the centuries. Both Elves and Dwarves have been known to pass through LotR’s Shire on occasion. While the Fellowship was off on their adventure, a group of Men called the Ruffians became a threat to the Shire and the Hobbits’ way of life. The Ruffians were dealt with once Frodo and the others returned home.

Things changed for the Shire-folk when Aragorn – known by the name “King Elisaar” in the Fourth Age – formed the Reunited Kingdom. The lands he gained as the High King gave him some level of control over the Shire’s fate. Knowing that people like the Ruffians would always be a problem for the Shire, he declared that the Shire was a sanctuary for the Hobbits that should never be visited by Men, including himself. Aragorn’s intentions in banning Men from the Shire was to ensure that the tiny Hobbits could live peacefully without intervention from outsiders.


What Tolkien Books Are Set After Lord Of The Rings?

While Tolkien wrote several stories and appendices set during or about the Fourth Age, there was never a full novel-length sequel to Lord of the Rings. Tolkien started writing a Lord of the Rings sequel in the 1960s, which had the title The New Shadow. It ended up only being nine pages of story though, and they were all published in The Peoples of Middle-earth – the twelfth and final volume in The History of Middle-earth series, featuring unpublished Tolkien appendices, letters, notes, and previously unpublished manuscripts that were collated and published by his son, Christopher Tolkien. It’s from The Peoples of Middle-earth and the extract of The New Shadow that almost all details on the Fourth Age are drawn.

Tolkien abandoned the novel, however, because he found it too bleak a setting. Had it been finished, The New Shadow would have been set a century after the fall of Mordor and would have shown more of the kingdoms of Men after The Lord of the Rings. For his part, Christopher Tolkien remarked in The Peoples of Middle-earth that the unfinished The New Shadow “would nonetheless have been a very remarkable ‘thriller’, and one may well view its early abandonment with regret.

More: Everything Added In Lord Of The Rings’ Extended Editions


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